Concrete is the most commonly used construction material in the industry. Concrete a thermal mass material; instead of it consisting of one material, it is a mix of fine aggregate, cement, water, gravel, and stones. These materials act as the foundation of many structures as well as in superstructure construction. For example, through architectural features, concrete is in structural concrete, stair construction, and slab construction. Now, how is concrete used in construction projects?
How is concrete used in construction projects?
Concrete is used in the following: basic foundations, exterior surfaces, superstructures, floor construction, wastewater treatment facilities, and parking lots/structures. To determine the quality of cement, the factors include the accuracy of placement, appearance, and consolidation. Although these three are important, the quality of concrete goes much further.
The quality of concrete starts in the beginning phases, especially when the team specifies appropriate dimensions that are necessary for the support structure, ingredients for the concrete mix design, finish details, and constructible work specifications. In addition to constructing concrete, it is crucial to thoroughly understand the accessory requirements, historical data of relative materials, proper material placement, achievable strengths, and approaches to track the strength of designs periodically.
Concrete is similar to mortars in terms of composition and structure.
The lifetime for concrete lasts for ages, even under harsh and adverse conditions. Concrete, itself, can resist abrasion, chemical actions, weathering actions, and tensile and comprehensive stresses for long periods. It can resist these actions make concrete structures more suitable for locations with harsh conditions.
Properties of Concrete
The properties in concrete make it excellent for buildings. Concrete consists of very strong materials that operate under great tensile stresses and comprehensive stresses without yielding—the strength of concrete acts from the material components within the concrete mix.
To avoid fixing and avoiding removal of in-place work, it is essential for consolidation and reinforcement coverage in concrete production. Before physical construction begins, it is important to pre-plan so that the project has the necessary equipment and materials to produce the highest quality for the client. Furthermore, accurate work adds to the higher level of quality in concrete structures, thus allowing other trades to install and complete their work correctly.
Concrete can combine with other construction materials and components. Concrete with the following:
— Structures bearing on concrete
— Anchor points for structural steel
— Accessories such as reinforced concrete couplings, embedded steel reinforcement plates, reinforcement for masonry, or support for masonry façade construction
Types of Concrete
Pervious concrete is a type of structural concrete pavement that consists of coarse aggregates, water, and concrete mix. Pervious concrete is an essential element to the green construction movement because it is energy efficient; rather than allowing the water to puddle, it absorbs it and naturally filters soil, which ultimately reduces water pollution.
Prestressed concrete: according to Portland Cement Association, prestressing concrete removes design constraints of conventional concrete on load, span, and permits for bridges, floors, walls, and roofs. Prestressed concrete allows architects, engineers, and concrete contractors to design and build lighter concrete buildings without losing strength
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